"The most influential thinker of the Enlightenment": First Editions of The Works of John Locke
The Works of John Locke.
Item Number: 86438
London: John Churchill and Sam. Manship, 1714.
First edition of the collected works of John Locke, “the most worthy… of the indisputably great philosophers.” Folio, full contemporary brown calf, three volumes. Frontispiece of John Locke to volume one. In very good condition, rebacked, text clean with large margins. From the library of economist F.M. Bator. Francis M. Bator was Deputy National Security Advisor of the United States from 1965 to 1967. He was also a Special Assistant to President Lyndon B. Johnson. Bator was Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Political Economy in Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government where he was founding chairman of the School’s Public Policy Program, and director of studies in its Institute of Politics. Before coming to Harvard in 1967 he served as deputy national security advisor to President Lyndon Johnson covering U.S.-European relations and foreign economic policy. On the occasion of his departure from the White House, The Economist of London headed an article about his service “Europe’s Assistant.” Bator’s 1958 article “The Anatomy of Market Failure,” was recently described as “the standard reference” to the “approach [that] now forms the basis of …textbook expositions in the economics of the public sector.” His 1960 book, The Question of Government Spending, was described in the Economic Journal “as a model of the sort of contribution which the economist can make to informed public discussion” and in the New York Times as one of seven books that influenced President Kennedy’s approach to the presidency.
John Locke is regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and the Father of Classical Liberalism. "Locke was the first to take up the challenge of Bacon and to attempt to estimate critically the certainty and the adequacy of human knowledge when confronted with God and the universe" (PMM 164). This is the first edition of the first collected edition of his work and the earliest to put his name to "Two Treatises on Government" as well as the letters on "Toleration"and "The Reasonableness of Christianity". Contents include: Volume 1: An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In Four Books; A Letter to the Right Reverend Edward Lord Bishop of Worcester, concerning some Passages relating to Mr. Locke's Essay of Human Understanding, in a late Discourse of his Lordship's in Vindication of the Trinity; Mr. Locke's Reply to the Right Reverend the Bishop of Worcester's Answer to the Letter; Mr. Locke's Reply to the Bishop of Worcester's Answer to his Second Letter. Volume 2: Some Considerations of the Consequences of the lowering of Interest, and raising the Value of Money. In a Letter send to a Member of Parliament. 1691; Short Observations on a printed Paper, entitled, For encouraging the coining SilverMoney in England, and after for keeping it here; Further Observations concerning raising the Value of Money. Wherein Mr. Lowndes's Arguments for it, in his late Report concerning An Essay for the Amendment of the Silver Coin, are particularly examind'd; Two Treatises of Government. In the Former, the false Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and his Followers, are detected and overthrown. The Latter is an Essay concerning the true Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government; A Letter concerning Toleration; A Second Letter concerning Toleration; A Third Letter for Toleration: To the Author of the Third Letter concerning Toleration; The Reasonableness of Christianity, as deliver'd in the Scriptures; A Vindication of The Reasonableness of Christianity, From Mr. Edwards's Reflections; A Second Vindication of the Reasonableness of Christianity. Volume 3: Some Thoughts concerning Education; A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I and II. Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix'd, An Essay for the Understanding of St. Paul's Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself; Posthumous Works, viz. I. Of the Conduct of the Understanding. II. An Examination of P. Malebranche's Opinion of Seeing all things in God. III. A Discourse of Miracles. IV. Par of a Fourth Letter for Toleration. V. Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony, first Earl of Shaftesbury. VI. A new Method of the Common-Place-Book written originally in French, and translated into English; Some familiar Letters between Mr. Locke and Several of his Friends.The work was published ten years after his death and is the first time his works were published as a collection.