Rare First Editions of Vicente Bacallar y Sanna's Comentarios de la guerra de España, e historia de su Rey Phelipe V el Animoso

  • Comentarios de la guerra de España, e historia de su Rey Phelipe V el Animoso: Volumes I & II.

Comentarios de la guerra de España, e historia de su Rey Phelipe V el Animoso: Volumes I & II.


Item Number: 51019

Genoa: Matheo Garvizza, 1725.

First edition of this commentary, which covers the reign of King Philip V of Spain and The War of the Spanish Succession. Octavo, 2 volumes, contemporary tree calf, morocco spine labels, marbled endpapers. In very good condition. First editions are rare.

Vicente Bacallar y Sanna, Marquis of Saint Philip and Viscount of Fuentehermosa, (February 6 1669 – The Hague (Netherlands), June 11 1726) was a Sardinian nobleman, military officer, linguist, historian, politician and ambassador of the Spanish Empire. He was born to a noble Sardinian family when the kingdom of Sardinia was part of the Spanish crown. He was appointed by Charles II of Spain governor of the Cape of Cagliari and Gallura and military governor of Sardinia. During the war of the Spanish succession, when Sardinian aristocracy divided between Philip of Anjou (of the house of Bourbon) and Charles of Habsburg, Bacallar was loyal to the heir designated by Charles II, Philip of Anjou, who became king as Philip V. Due to his loyalty, the king awarded him as Marquis of Saint Philip and Viscount of Fuentehermosa (Fuente Hermosa de Miranda, fief in the kingdom of Navarre) in 1709. When the kingdom of Sardinia surrendered to Archduke Charles, he had flee to Spain, without giving up the hope to re-conquerer Sardinia. The treaty of Utrecht (1714), where he had been part of the Spanish delegation, decided for Sardinia to be part of the Austrian crown. Bacallar dedicated to a strong intellectual activity: in 1713 he founded – with other intellectuals – the Real Academia Española, where he helped create its first dictionary, that would be published in 1726. He wrote the short poem Las Tobias (The Tobies, 1709), the poem El Palacio de Momo (Momo's Palace, 1714), the treaty Monarchia Hebrea (The Hebrew Monarchy, 1719) and historical works, such as Description geographique, historique et politique du royaume de Sardaigne (Geographical, historical and political description of the Kingdom of Sardinia). Regarding the war of the Spanish succession he wrote Commentarios de la guerra de España y historia de su Rey Phelipe V el Animoso desde el principio de su regnado hasta la paz general del año 1725 (Commentaries of the war of Spain and history of its King Philip V the Brave since the beginning of his kingdom to the general peace of the year 1725, 1726). In this work, asked by his monarch, the Marquis intended to inform about the facts happened in and outside Spain during the war objectively. His objectiveness is proved by the respect used with regard to both parties. Doubtless, the work was not appreciated by the power and the first edition – published in Genoa – was pulled from the market. In 1724 he was appointed as ambassador in the Netherlands, with the aim of convincing them to remain neutral, where he died two years after due to a stroke. He left a library of sixteen-thousands volumes.

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